Kanchan Chopra was until retirement the Director and Professor at the Institute of Economic Growth in Delhi, a prestigious institution. She provided the main impetus for the emergence of the Indian Society for Ecological Economics in 1998 which under her stimulus has regularly held very successful biennial conferences. She has written or edited an impressive series of books, including Growth, Equity, Environment and Population: Economic and Sociological Perspectives (2007) with C H Hanumantha Rao, and Ecological Economics for Sustainable Development (2004) with Charles Perrings. She trained a generation of researchers in India in environmental and ecological economics. In 2006 she gave her name to the “Kanchan Chopra” committee mandated by the Supreme Court of India to calculate the NPV (net present economic values) lost by diverting forestland for non-forest use, so that compensation would be paid into a fund. This was ecological economics in practice at top judicial and administrative level in a very large and important country – calculation of NPV involved fundamental debates on discount rates, and on the values of marketable and no marketed forests products and environmental services. The Kanchan Chopra committee refused economic valuation of biodiversity as such.